Tivihār Upvāsa Pachkhān

Pachkhān to have only adequately boiled, cooled water during the day

Upvāsa means abstinence (i.e. abstaining from enjoyments). It is a combination of two words Upa (उप) which means near, close to and Vasati (वसति) which means stay, live. Thus it’s essence is to stay close to the soul. The soul is an independent entity separate from the body. Therefore, by not eating and focusing on the needs of the body, one can focus on the soul (meditation, prayers, etc).

Tivihār pachkhān means abstaining from 3 types of consumables (foods, snacks/fruits & mouth refreshers).

Adequately boiled, cooled water (this lasts upto 3 prahars) can be had during the period 48 minutes after sunrise and before sunset. Each time to drink water, it is customary to sit on the floor, recite 3 navkar before consuming water and then to recite 3 navkar after water has been consumed and before getting up.

Condensed Tivihar Upvasa Pachkhan by Samani Punya Pragyaji

Sure uggae abbhattattham pachakkhāi (pachkkhāmi)
tivihampi āhāram – asaṇam, khāimam, sāimam,
anatthaṇā-bhogeṇam, sahasā-gāreṇam, sāgariyā-gareṇam, pāritthāvaiyā-gāreṇam, mahattarā-gāreṇam, savva-samāhi-vattiyā-gāreṇam,

** panhara *[porisim / saddha-porisim]

sure uggae [purimaddha / avaddha] mutthi-sahiam pachakkhāi (pachkkhāmi)

anatthaṇā-bhogeṇam, sahasā-gāreṇam, pacchanna-kāleṇam,
disā-moheṇam, sāhu-vayaneṇam, mahattarā-gāreṇam,
savva-samāhi-vattiyā-gāreṇam, pāṇassa levea vā , alevea vā
acchea vā, bahalea vā, sasitthea vā, asitthea vā, vosirai (vosirami)

You shall observe (I take) the vow to not eat 3 types of food (foods that are swallowed, nuts/fruits, mouth fresheners) from sunrise to the next day sunrise.The vow will not be violated as a result of the following EXCEPTIONS: through forgetfulness, sudden or extraordinary circumstances intake of food, if properly accept food that was to be discarded needs to be consumed upon insistence by Guru, insistance by ascetics, sangh or Acharya or for the sake of maintaining peace, well-being and equanimity.

You shall oberve (I take) the vow of consuming water after 1 porisi (3 hours after sunrise) or 1.5 porisi, with the vow not violated due to the following EXCEPTIONS:
out of forgetfulness, sudden or extraordinary circumstances requiring intake of food, not being able to gauge the right time due to weather conditions, unable to determine time due to confusion of direction, if misheard Guru suggesting to end the vow. The 6 exceptions related to accita (non-living) water are as follows: Lep (top liquid layer of daal), Alep (kanji water), Acch (warm, clean water that has been adequately boiled), Bahulep (water used to rinse grains of rice or clean fruits), Sasikth (water containing some grains or bits of kneaded dough), Asikth (water containing some grains or bits of kneaded dough but that has been sieved or filtered).

1. Prabodh Tika by Param Pujya Panyas BhadrankarVijayji Maharaj & Param Pujya Munishree Kalyanprabhavijayji Maharaj
2. Pratikramana Sutra With Explanation (Part 2) by Muni Nirvana Sagar
3. Samvatsari Pratikraman by Ila Mehta
4. Internet

I apologise and seek pardon for any unintentional errors in translation of the verses. Click here for any feedback/comments